My uncle was
Combat Infantryman's Badge
on December 26, 1944.
The Combat Infantryman Badge (CIB) was established
by the War Department on 27 October 1943.
General Lesley J. McNair, then the Army Ground Forces commanding general,
in its creation. He originally recommended that it be called the "fighter
CIB was designed
to enhance morale and the prestige of the "Queen of Battle." Then Secretary
War Henry Stinson
said, "It is high time we recognize in a personal way the skill and heroism
Originally, the Regimental Commander was the
lowest level at which the CIB could be approved
and its award was retroactive to 7 December
1941. There was a separate provision for badge holders to receive
a $10 per month pay stipend, which was rescinded in 1948. Several factors
led to the creation of the CIB, some of the most prominent factors are
(a) The need for large numbers of well-trained infantry to bring about
a successful conclusion to
the war and the already critical shortage of infantrymen.
(b) Of all soldiers, it was recognized that the infantryman continuously
operated under the worst
conditions and performed a mission which was not assigned to any other
soldier or unit.
(c) The infantry, a small portion of the total Armed Forces, was suffering
casualties while receiving the least public recognition.
(d) General Marshall's well known affinity for the ground forces soldier
and, in particular, the
infantryman. All these factors led to the establishment of the CIB, an
award which would provide
special recognition of the unique role of the Army infantryman, the only
soldier whose daily
mission is to close with and destroy the enemy and to seize and hold terrain.
The badge was
intended as an inducement for individuals to join the infantry while serving
as a morale booster
for infantry-men serving in every theater.